Mono enables you to run .Net program on almost every operating systems and my second favorite one is Debian/Linux (my first one is Windows as you can guess).
You need to get some tools :
apt-get install subversion make automake autoconf python gcc g++ libtool pkg-config bison libxml-perl gawk
Get the SVN repository (very slow) :
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mkdir ~/mono cd ~/mono svn co svn://anonsvn.mono-project.com/source/trunk/mcs svn co svn://anonsvn.mono-project.com/source/trunk/mono svn co svn://anonsvn.mono-project.com/source/trunk/libgdiplus #svn co svn://anonsvn.mono-project.com/source/trunk/gtk-sharp
You need to set this :
If you don’t have any mono on the system :
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cd ~/mono/mono make get-monolite-latest make EXTERNAL_MCS=false
You can now compile everything, it takes a lot of time to complete:
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cd ~/mono/mono ./autogen.sh make make install
If there’s a problem with a missing file error, try to re-launch these three last commands, the “./autogen.sh” should fix it.